Four Major Types of Essays – An Overview

Essays can be a convoluted affair even for a competent college student. Majority of students feel devastated, confused and distressed when they have to write an essay. Luckily, drafting an effective essay isn’t that difficult as it sounds.  Here we’ve gathered a list of 4 basic essay types along with all necessary rules and regulations associated with them so that you can compose a great essay next time if assigned by your instructor.

  1. Expository Essays
    are generally drafted via cause and effect. There is a particular formation that this specific essay type follows.

    • First and foremost, there should be an intelligible and extensive thesis statement placed somewhere within an opening paragraph of an essay. Make sure to cut down this statement to follow the instructions of the task
    • The changeovers between the opening paragraph, body paragraphs and ending paragraph should match and be logical
    • It’s crucial to include effective evidences in each paragraph of the body in order to provide sufficient support to your argumentation. Make sure to explain only one sub idea of your statement in each body paragraph. Explaining more than one idea will result in utter confusion and disorientation
    • The closure part should not rerun the thesis. Try to elaborate more details about something you’ve stated above. However, don’t reveal any new idea or logic into the closure

    Significance of Expository Essays

    Expository essays are believed to be one of the most important aspects of elementary school’s curriculum. It is generally thought out to be a five-paragraph essay including

    • Introduction
    • 3 body paragraphs
    • Conclusion

    This essay kind is considered as discussion or argument with class fellows.  Similar to your conversation that includes a starting point, middle and a closure; your essay should also incorporate all these elements. In case it’s not all-inclusive, you will probably leave behind queries in your reader’s mind.

    2. Descriptive Essays
    As name suggests, a descriptive essay is a type in which you’ll be required to explain something. Dissimilar to expository essay, this kind of essay gives much more creative freedom to the writer as the primary concept is to form a picture in the reader’s imagination.

    Despite there is no particular layout for this essay, there are some basic rules you should follow as they will help you compose a sophisticated descriptive essay.

    • Conceptualize before you actually start writing a descriptive essay
    • Pen down descriptive words related to the information you’ll possibly include in your essay
    • Make sure to put all of your senses into practice. For instance, if you’re writing about your day at the beach, make sure to include other details instead of focusing on the things you’ve viewed. Rethink about the things you’ve smelled, tasted or touched to give reader’s a clear-cut idea about your experience
    • Make use of emotions and perception wherever possible
    • Keep your essay well-structured and organize


    3. Narrative Essay
    A narrative essay generally includes the telling of some sort of story. Broadly, narrative essays are divided into two types including book reports and short stories.

    Below are some of the guidelines you must follow to write a persuasive, high-quality narrative essay.

    • If you’re writing this essay in a story format, make sure to add all the aspects of story such as plot, characters, etc.
    • If you’re composing this essay in a book report format, it should not be a retelling of a complete book, rather an enlightening narrative regarding thebook
    • Just like expository essays, narrative essays should have a concrete idea
    • Make sure to stick to your topic from start till end


    4. Persuasive Essays
    imagePersuasive essays aka argumentative essays will be identical to an expository essay as they also require probing a topic and gather as well as appraise evidences. The only difference is that in persuasive essays you’ll be required to include your own opinion, whereas in expository essays, you can only state the facts.

    The composition of the persuasive essay is identical to the expository essay from the opening paragraph containing a thesis statement to the structure to the concluding paragraph.

    Writing an Essay – A Final Thought

    The purpose of writing an essay is decided by your objective as an author. People compose essays for an array of reasons. Majority of people write them as they’re required to submit them as part of their course requirement, while there are some who draft them because they possess solid perspective on different affairs that they wish to share with others. Generally, writers write essays to:

    • Educate, notify or inform others about any particular issue
    • Convince others to take some action
    • To help others comprehend a particular situation
    • To entertain others


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